NCR History


The Beginning

1879 - James Ritty, a Dayton Saloon-keeper, invented and patented the first cash register after seeing the engine room telegraph on a voyage to England in 1878. The invention was sold to J.H. Eckert for $1000.

1883 - John Patterson and Frank Patterson bought fifty shares of the National Manufacturing Company for $2500 and then sold 28, keeping 11 each. In 1884, controlling interest in the National Manufacturing Company was bought by John Patterson for $6500 

1884 - John H. Patterson founded the National Cash Register Company, maker of the first mechanical cash registers.

1884 Nov 22 - John H. Patterson took over the management and changed the name to the National Cash Register Company - later to become the NCR Corporation. The first office, with 13 employees, was located in the Callahan Power Building, in Dayton, Ohio.


NCR expands to England

1885 - Englishman, J. W. Allison viewed the self-adding cash register at a Chicago exhibition and learned that the machine could be adapted for English currency. He was so impressed, he became NCR's first international sales agent based in Liverpool, England.

1886  - J.W. Allinson was appointed sales agent for Great Britain, France, Belgium and Holland. First London office was established in one room at 95 The Strand by Allinson under the name of the "National Cash Register Till Co". In that same year, the first Cash Registers were used in Great Britain at the refreshment stands at the International Exposition, Liverpool.

1889 - London office moved to 356 The Strand.

Mid-to-late 1880's  - Innovative sales techniques were instituted: guaranteed sales territories, quota and point systems, sales conventions, conservative dress. Also, advertising, direct-mail, publications for agents, customers and employees were instituted on a massive scale.
1888 The first company-owned factory was established on the Patterson farm land on the south side of Dayton.

1891  -  Allinson's territory limited to Great Britain.

1892  -  Sales agents memorised the NCR Primer, a book containing a sales presentation with proven results. Formal sales classes were established.

1893 - NCR opened the first sales training school.

1894  -  Employee Benefit Programmes began with hot lunches, a 'glass' factory to improve lighting and ventilation, baths, showers, execs programmes, social and professional clubs, and many more.

1895 -  NCR Suggestion System was established to encourage employee ideas for improving products and operations. Gold was awarded to suggestion winners.

Mid 1890's - "Think!" signs were erected in factory buildings, sales offices, and club rooms.
1895 National Cash Register Company Ltd (Great Britain) founded on 8 November with a capital of £5000 at 337 The Strand, London

1898 -  First international convention for overseas sales agents was held in Dayton.

1899  - Strand office moved to a four storey building at 124 Oxford Street with additional accommodation at 2 Wells Street.

The 1900s

1901 -  Company logo changed

1904  -  UK Head Office moved to 223-226 Tottenham Court Road later extending into 22 Store Street.

1906 -  Charles F. Kettering designed the first cash register powered by an electric motor. Within a few years, he developed the class 1000 register which was in production for 40 years, and the OK. Telephone Credit Authorisation system for verifying credit in department stores.

1911 -  One millionth cash register was sold in NCR's 27th year of business.

1913 -  NCR saved many lives during the great flood in Dayton. John Patterson ordered flat bottom boats made by company carpenters; a tent city was erected for the homeless; and food and medical care were dispensed. Patterson successfully headed a million dollar relief fund.

1914 - NCR developed one of the first automated credit systems.


1920s Milestones

1921 -  The class 2000 accounting machine with thirty totalisers was introduced. Models were marketed up to 1973, making the 2000 the longest-lived of any NCR products. Frederick Beck Patterson, John Patterson's son, was named president, and his father, chairman, a year before the founder's death in 1922.

1926 -  NCR became publicly owned and was incorporated in the State of Maryland.

1929 -  The Ellis Adding - Typewriter Company was acquired. The class 3000 accounting machine was developed from the Ellis model having a keyboard to input a narrative description of entries, as well as adding, subtracting and printing features.

1930s Milestones

1931 -  Colonel Edward A. Deeds returned to NCR to become chairman of the board. He had left the company in 1915 to help manage Delco, a company formed with Charles Kettering. He also co-founded the Wright Airplane Company with Orville Wright and others.

1934 -  NCR's Golden Jubilee was celebrated with a "gold prospecting" sales contest at world wide offices.

1936 -  British Head Office moved to 206-216 Marylebone Road, London.

1938 -  The first electronics research began in NCR Electrical Department. The research team produced a counting device using vacuum tubes by 1942.

1939 -  Construction on Old River recreational park, near the Dayton headquarters, was begun.

1940s-1960s Milestones

1943 -  Adding machines expanded the product line with the purchase of the Allan - Wales Adding Machine Corporation in Ithaca, New York.

1944 -  The first annual meeting of the NCR 25 year club was held in Dayton.

 1952 -  NCR acquired Computer Research Corporation (CRC), of Hawthorne, Calif., which produced a line of digital computers with applications in aviation.

1953 -  NCR established the Electronics Division to continue to pursue electronic applications for business machines.

1957 - NCR announced first fully transistorized business computer, the NCR 304.

1968 - NCR's John L. Janning perfected liquid crystal displays (LCD). 


1970s - 1990s Milestones

1974 - Company changed its name to NCR Corporation.

1974 - NCR commercialized first bar code scanners. 

1982 - The first NCR Tower supermicrocomputer system was launched, establishing NCR as a pioneer in bringing industry standards and open systems architecture to the computer market.

1991 - NCR acquired by AT&T.

1991 - NCR purchased Teradata Corporation, acquiring its advanced and unique commercial parallel processing technology. NCR Teradata becomes the world's most proven and powerful database for data warehousing.

1994 - NCR name changed to AT&T Global Information Solutions (GIS).

1995 - AT&T announced spin-off of AT&T GIS by the end of 1996.

1996 - AT&T GIS changed its name back to NCR Corporation in anticipation of being spun-off to AT&T shareholders by January 1997, as an independent, publicly-traded company.

1997 - Signaling its evolution from a hardware-only company to a full solutions provider, NCR purchased Compris Technologies, Inc., a leading provider of store automation and management software for the food-service industry, and Dataworks, a company that develops check-processing software.

1998 - NCR finalized the transfer and sale of their computer hardware manufacturing assets to Solectron, confirming NCR's commitment to concentrate on the market-differentiated software and services components of their solutions portfolios.


Millennium Milestones and Beyond

2000 - NCR acquired CRM provider Ceres Integrated Solutions and services company 4Front Technologies, deepening NCR's solutions offerings in key markets.

2003 - NCR granted patent for signature capture.

2005 - Following the successful 2004 acquisition of travel self-service leader Kinetics, NCR further strengthens its self-service portfolio by acquiring Galvanon, a leading provider of solutions for the health care industry. 

2007 - NCR separated into two companies through the spin-off of the Teradata Data Warehousing business.

2009 - NCR establishes its new corporate headquarters in Duluth, Ga.

2010 - NCR introduces industry’s first mixed media deposit ATMs (SDM)

2011 - NCR completes $1 billion acquisition of Radiant Systems, expanding NCR’s presence in the hospitality and specialty retail spaces.

2012 - NCR launches NCR Silver, a cloud-based point of sale system for small businesses

2013 - NCR completes $650 million acquisition of Retalix, adding innovative retail software and services.

2014 - NCR completes $1.65 billion acquisition of Digital Insight, providing a market-leading SaaS platform to help banks transform their physical and digital business models.

2015 - London office moves to 5 Merchant Square - a new, state-of-the-art office providing a flexible, modern home for NCR.